A tag is a property type identifyer.
The Gedcom standard defines a number of tags on three or four capital letters, taken from the English name of the property type.
For example, knowing that the SURN label means surname, the
SURN Martin property line can be translated as: the surname is "Martin".
You will find in this page the list of most common tags.
The Gedcom editor is the Ancestris window that shows best all the properties in your genealogy.
The icon next to a tag helps you know whether the tag complies to the Gedcom standard or not.
- , , , , , etc. : regular pre-defined tags. Therefore they are compliant with the Gedcom standard.
- : unknown tag, or at the wrong place.
- : user-defined tag : tags starting with the underscore "_" are user-defined tags. These tags can be added underneath any other tag in the Gedcom file. They are allowed.
- However, before creating a new tag, please check if the type of information is not already defined by the Gedcom standard. This will allow you to better exchange genealogical data. You can check predefined tag using the Gedcom editor.
- You may tell Ancestris, in the Preferences, when you use the Gedcom validation tool, whether to consider user-defined tags as erroneous or allowed.
- On rare occasions, Ancestris had to defined user-defined tags when the Gedcom standard did not plan for it (e.g. _SOSA for the SOSA numbering)
- : indicates a correct tag with an invalid value.
- , , : navigation tags: the " " symbol on the icon is specific to Ancestris and indicates a pointer to another entity. You can navigate to the entity indicated in this tag by jut clicking on it.
This first table is a description of the main tags.
||Tag||5.5.||5.5.1.||Description and usage
|Abbreviation||ABBR||X||X||A short name of a title, description, or name.|
|Adoption||ADOP||X||X||Pertaining to creation of a legally approved child-parent relationship that does not exist biologically.|
|Address||ADDR||X||X||The contemporary place, usually required for postal purposes, of an individual, a submitter of information, a repository, a business, a school, or a company.|
|Age||AGE||X||X||The age of the individual at the time an event occurred, or the age listed in the document.|
|Agency||AGNC||X||X||The institution or individual having authority and/or responsibility to manage or govern.|
|Alias||ALIA||X||X||An indicator to link different record descriptions of a person who may be the same person.|
|Annulment||ANUL||X||X||Declaring a marriage void from the beginning (never existed).|
|Associates||ASSO||X||X||An indicator to link friends, neighbours, relatives, or associates of an individual.|
||X||Attribute assigned to an individual|
|Author||AUTH||X||X||The name of the individual who created or compiled information.|
|Marriage Bann||MARB||X||X||An event of an official public notice given that two people intend to marry.|
|Christening||CHR||X||X||The religious event (not LDS) of baptising and/or naming a child.|
|Baptism||BAPM||X||X||The event of baptism (not LDS), performed in infancy or later.|
|Bar Mitzvah||BARM||X||X||The ceremonial event held when a Jewish boy reaches age 13.|
|Bas Mitzvah||BASM||X||X||The ceremonial event held when a Jewish girl reaches age 13, also known as "Bat Mitzvah."|
|Blessing||BLES||X||X||A religious event of bestowing divine care or intercession. Sometimes given in connection with a naming ceremony.|
|Map||_MAP||X||Anticipation of the 5.5.1 dstandard. Pertains to a representation of measurements usually presented in a graphical form.|
|Map||MAP||X||Pertains to a representation of measurements usually presented in a graphical form.|
|Marriage license||MARL||X||X||An event of obtaining a legal license to marry.|
|Change||CHAN||X||X||Indicates a change, correction, or modification. Typically used in connection with a DATE to specify when a change in information occurred (it is automatically handled by Ancestris)|
|Postal code||POST||X||X||A code used by a postal service to identify an area to facilitate mail handling.|
|Status||STAT||X||X||An assessment of the state or condition of something.|
|Confirmation||CONF||X||X||The religious event (not LDS) of conferring the gift of the Holy Ghost and, among protestants, full church membership.|
|Marriage contract||MARC||X||X||An event of recording a formal agreement of marriage, including the prenuptial agreement in which marriage partners reach agreement about the property rights of one or both, securing property to their
|Marriage settlement||MARS||X||X||An event of creating an agreement between two people contemplating marriage, at which time they agree to release or modify property rights that would otherwise arise from the marriage.|
|Cremation||CREM||X||X||Disposal of the remains of a person's body by fire.|
|Daboville||_DABOVILLE||X||X||Special. It is not defined in the Gedcom format. It is used in Ancestris to generate the Daboville numbering for a descending genealogy.|
|Date||DATE||X||X||The time of an event in a calendar format.|
|Death||DEAT||X||X||The event when mortal life terminates.|
|Graduation||GRAD||X||X||An event of awarding educational diplomas or degrees to individuals.|
|Divorce||DIV||X||X||An event of dissolving a marriage through civil action.|
|Data||DATA||X||X||Pertaining to stored automated information.|
|_EMAI||X||Anticipation of the 5.5.1 standard. An electronic mail address.|
|EMAI||X||Gedcom 5.5.1 only. An electronic mail address.|
||X||Electronic facsimile transmission|
|Child||CHIL||X||X||The natural, adopted, or sealed (LDS) child of a father and a mother.|
|Multimedia element||OBJE||X||X||Pertaining to a grouping of attributes used in describing something. Usually referring to the data required to represent a multimedia object, such an audio recording, a photograph of a person, or an image of a document.|
|Emigration||EMIG||X||X||An event of leaving one's homeland with the intent of residing elsewhere.|
|Wife||WIFE||X||X||An individual in the role as a mother and/or married woman.|
|State||STAE||X||X||A geographical division of a larger jurisdictional area, such as a State within the United States of
|Event||EVEN||X||X||Pertaining to a noteworthy happening related to an individual, a group, or an organization. An EVENt structure is usually qualified or classified by a subordinate use of the TYPE tag.|
|Family||FAM||X||X||Identifies a legal, common law, or other customary relationship of man and woman and their children, if any, or a family created by virtue of the birth of a child to its biological father and mother.|
|Family where person is a child||FAMC||X||X||Identifies the family in which an individual appears as a child.|
|Family where person is a spouse||FAMS||X||X||Identifies the family in which an individual appears as a spouse.|
|Engagement||ENGA||X||X||An event of recording or announcing an agreement between two people to become married.|
|File||FILE||X||X||An information storage place that is ordered and arranged for preservation and reference.|
|Format||FORM||X||X||An assigned name given to a consistent format in which information can be conveyed.|
|Submitter||SUBM||X||X||An individual or organization who contributes genealogical data to a file or transfers it to someone else.|
|Immigration||IMMI||X||X||An event of entering into a new locality with the intent of residing there.|
|Burial||BURI||X||X||The event of the proper disposing of the mortal remains of a deceased person.|
|Ancestor interest||ANCI||X||X||Indicates an interest in additional research for ancestors of this individual.|
|Descendants interest||DESI||X||X||Indicates an interest in research to identify additional descendants of this individual.|
|Language||LANG||X||X||The name of the language used in a communication or transmission of information.|
Anticipation of the 5.5.1 standard. A value indicating a coordinate position on a line, plane, or space.
|Latitude||LATI||X||A value indicating a coordinate position on a line, plane, or space.|
|Place||PLAC||X||X||A jurisdictional name to identify the place or location of an event.|
|Repository||REPO||X||X||An institution or person that has the specified item as part of their collection(s).|
|Longitude||_LONG||X||Anticipation of the 5.5.1 standard. A value indicating a coordinate position on a line, plane, or space.|
|Longitude||LONG||X||A value indicating a coordinate position on a line, plane, or space.|
|Husband||HUSB||X||X||An individual in the family role of a married man or father.|
|Marriage||MARR||X||X||A legal, common-law, or customary event of creating a family unit of a man and a woman as husband and wife.|
|Birth||BIRT||X||X||The event of entering into life.|
|Nationality||NATI||X||X||The national heritage of an individual.|
|Naturalisation||NATU||X||X||The event of obtaining citizenship.|
|Education||EDUC||X||X||Indicator of a level of education attained.|
|Name||NAME||X||X||A word or combination of words used to help identify an individual, title, or other item. More than one NAME line should be used for people who were known by multiple names.|
|Surname||SURN||X||X||A family name passed on or used by members of a family.|
|Number of children||NCHI||X||X||The number of children that this person is known to be the parent of (all marriages) when subordinate to an individual, or that belong to this family when subordinate to a FAM_RECORD.|
|Number of marriages||NMR||X||X||The number of times this person has participated in a family as a spouse or parent.|
|Note||NOTE||X||X||Additional information provided by the submitter for understanding the enclosing data.|
|Identification number||IDNO||X||X||A number assigned to identify a person within some significant external system.|
|Social security number||SSN||X||X||A number assigned by the United States Social Security Administration. Used for tax identification purposes.|
|Binary object||BLOB||X||Set of data entered into a multimedia system that processes binary data to represent images, sound, video.|
|Ordination||ORDN||X||X||A religious event of receiving authority to act in religious matters.|
|Page||PAGE||X||X||A number or description to identify where information can be found in a referenced work.|
|Country||CTRY||X||X||The name or code of the country.|
|Pedigree||PEDI||X||X||Information pertaining to an individual to parent lineage chart.|
|Name prefix||NPFX||X||X||Text which appears on a name line before the given and surname parts of a name. i.e. (Lt. Cmndr.) Joseph /Allen/ jr.
In this example Lt. Cmndr. is considered as the name prefix portion.
|Surname prefix||SPFX||X||X||A name piece used as a non-indexing pre-part of a surname.|
|Given name||GIVN||X||X||A given or earned name used for official identification of a person.|
|First communion||FCOM||X||X||A religious rite, the first act of sharing in the Lord's supper as part of church worship..|
|Private||_PRIV||X||X||Special. It is not defined in the Gedcom format. It is used in Ancestris to mark individuals or events defined as private (private data in preferences tools).|
|Occupation||OCCU||X||X||The type of work or profession of an individual.|
|Publication||PUBL||X||X||Refers to when and/or where a work was published or created.|
|Quality||QUAY||X||X||An assessment of the certainty of the evidence to support the conclusion drawn from evidence.|
|Cause||CAUS||X||X||A description of the cause of the associated event or fact, such as the cause of death.|
|Census||CENS||X||X||The event of the periodic count of the population for a designated locality, such as a national or state Census.|
|Religion||RELI||X||X||A religious denomination to which a person is affiliated or for which a record applies.|
|Divorced filed||DIVF||X||X||An event of filing for a divorce by a spouse.|
|Retirement||RETI||X||X||An event of exiting an occupational relationship with an employer after a qualifying time period.|
|Reference||REFN||X||X||A description or number used to identify an item for filing, storage, or other reference purposes.|
|Relation||RELA||X||X||A relationship value between the indicated contexts.|
|Residence||RESI||X||X||An address or place of residence that a family or individual resided.|
|Role||ROLE||X||X||A name given to a role played by an individual in connection with an event.|
|Sex||SEX||X||X||Indicates the sex of an individual--male or female or unknown.|
|X||X||Special. It is not defined in the Gedcom format. It is used in Ancestris to generate the Sosa or Sosa d'Aboville numbering for a person's ancestors and descendants.|
|Source||SOUR||X||X||The initial or original material from which information was obtained.|
|Name suffix||NSFX||X||X||Text which appears on a name line after or behind the given and surname parts of a name. i.e. Lt. Cmndr. Joseph /Allen/ (jr.)
In this example jr. is considered as the name suffix portion.
|Nickname||NICK||X||X||A descriptive or familiar that is used instead of, or in addition to, one's proper name.|
|Phone||PHON||X||X||A unique number assigned to access a specific telephone.|
|Temple||TEMP||X||X||The name or code that represents the name of an LDS Church Temple.|
|Will||WILL||X||X||A legal document treated as an event, by which a person disposes of his or her estate, to take effect after death. The event date is the date the will was signed while the person was alive.|
|Text||TEXT||X||X||The exact wording found in an original source document.|
|Title||TITL||X||X||A description of a specific writing or other work, such as the title of a book when used in a source context, or a formal designation used by an individual in connection with positions of royalty or other social status, such as Grand Duke.|
|Type||TYPE||X||X||A further qualification to the meaning of the associated superior tag. The value does not have any computer processing reliability. It is more in the form of a short one or two word note that should be displayed any time the associated data is displayed.|
|Probation||PROB||X||X||An event of judicial determination of the validity of a will. May indicate several related court activities over several dates.|
|City||CITY||X||X||A lower level jurisdictional unit. Normally an incorporated municipal unit.|
|Internet web site||_WWW||X||Anticipation of the 5.5.1 standard. World Wide Web home page.|
|Internet web site||WWW||X||World Wide Web home page.|
||X||X||Calculated field indicating whether the media file is a file stored on disk (value 1) or an internet link (value 0). This field is not stored in Gedcom file and is read only.|
||X||X||Calculated field indicating whether the media file exists (value 1) or not (value 0). This field is not stored in Gedcom file and is read only.|
Other predefined tags
They are in the header of the file, except for HEAD and TRLR. They can be visible when opening your Gedcom file in a simple text editor.